MEDMARAVIS co-operates closely with the secretariat of the Barcelona Convention (UNEP Mediterranean Action Plan, Athens) and more particularly in the framework of its “Protocol concerning Specially Protected Areas and Biological Diversity in the Mediterranean”.
Our Association was instrumental to add a list of 15  endangered or threatened  coastal bird species in Annex 2 of  the Biodiversity Protocol. The Action Plan for the conservation of these species was adopted in 2003 by the 20 governmental parties to the Barcelona Convention, following similar plans for the Monk Seal, seaturtles, cetaceans and various threatened infralittoral organisms.
The fifteen bird species of Annex 2 are:
Cory’s Shearwater  Calonectris diomedea
Yelkouan Shearwater  Puffinus yelkouan
European Storm Petrel  Hydrobates pelagicus
Mediterranean Shag  Phalacrocorax aristotelis
Pygmy Cormorant  Phalacrocorax pygmaeus
White Pelican  Pelecanus onocrotalus
Dalmatian Pelican  Pelecanus crispus
Greater Flamingo  Phoenicopterus ruber
Osprey  Pandion haliaetus
Eleonora’s Falcon  Falco eleonorae
Slender-billed Curlew  Numenius tenuirostris
Audouin’s Gull  Larus audouinii
Lesser Crested Tern  Sterna bengalensis
Sandwich Tern  Sterna sandvicensis
Little Tern  Sterna albifrons.

The Action Plans elaborated for the Barcelona Convention identify and lay our priorities that need to be undertaken to attain their specific objectives.
The action plans propose practical conservation measures in the field, but also administrative, legislative and scientific measures as for example:
            - identification of important bird areas,
            - development and implementation of appropriate legislation for the                                 15 above mentioned bird species and their habitats,
            - filling knowledge gaps of coastal and pelagic birds and their habitats
            - public awareness and education programmes highlighting the vul-                                  nerability of threatened species,
            - elaboration of national action plans.

References : UNEP RAC-SPA, MEDMARAVIS and S.E.O. (2006) : Proceedings of the First Symposium on the Mediterranean Action Plan for the Conservation of Marine and Coastal Birds. Vilanova i la Geltru, Spain. November 2005.


As a few East-Mediterranean coastal bird species were overlooked while compiling Annex 2 of he Biodiversity Protocol, MEDMARAVIS has co-ordinated a project for completing the  list of endangered coastal birds listed in Annex 2.
During a joint UNEP - MEDMARAVIS - S.E.O. (Sociedad Espanola d’Ornitologia) symposium held in November 2005 at Vilanova i la Geltru (Catalonia), the participants, on the suggestion of MEDMARAVIS to include some additional threatened coastal species, agreed unanimously to propose the addition of the 10 following bird species to Annex 2 of the Biodiversity Protocol of the Barcelona Convention

Balearic Shearwater  Puffinus mauretanicus
Gull-billed Tern  Sterna nilotica
Caspian Tern  Sterna caspia
Slender-billed Gull  Larus genei
Armenian Gull  Larus armenicus
Mediterranean Gull  Larus melanocephalus
Kentish Plover  Charadrius alexandrinus
Greater Sand Plover  Charadrius leschenaultii
Pied Kingfisher  Ceryle rudis
White-breasted Kingfisher  Halcyon smyrnensis.

This additional list was presented for ratification to the  secretariat of the Mediterranean Action Plan.

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